The gamefowls, also known as fighting roosters, are a collection of many varieties of birds that fight among themselves and are distinguished by having particularly aggressive males and females.
The roosters must be kept apart from one another to prevent a fight because this disposition shows out early in life.
Today, we’ll talk about the various varieties of fighting roosters, also known as fighting cocks, gamefowl, or gamecocks in the Philippines. These are some of the top gamefowl bloodlines now available in the country.
The type of fighting roosters lineage is crucial in countries like the Philippines where cockfighting is legal (requires obtaining government authorization).
A cockfight takes place in a ring called a cockpit and is a blood sport. Raising birds for competition has a 6,000-year history.
The term “gamecock,” used by George Wilson in the earliest book on the sport of cockfighting, The Commendation of Cocks and Cock Fighting in 1607, was the first usage of the word gamecock, denoting the use of the cock as to a “game,” a sport, pastime, or entertainment, which was recorded in 1634.
However, it was during Magellan’s exploration of the Philippines in 1521 that contemporary cockfighting was first observed and recorded for Westerners in the Kingdom of Taytay by the Italian Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan’s chronicler.
Gamecocks, the combatants (not to be confused with game birds), are particularly bred and trained for greater endurance and strength. Game fowl refers to both the male and female members of this type of chicken.
Congenital hostility toward all males of the same species exists in cocks. On how the game will turn out, bets are frequently placed.
Cockfighting is a blood sport in part because of the physical harm that the cocks cause to one another, which is occasionally made worse by fastening metal spurs to the cocks’ natural spurs.
The cocks may sustain severe bodily harm even though not all fights end in death. Cockfighting is still a common occurrence in some parts of the world, however, it is either overtly illegal or subject to legal regulation in others.
The cultural and religious significance of cockfighting as a sport is frequently cited by supporters of the “age-old pastime.”
There are various breed kinds in every animal, including dogs, cats, birds, horses, etc., and fighting cocks are no exception.
There are numerous variants, families, or lines within these breeds. But this time, we’ll limit our discussion to defining the traits of the top fighting cock breeds.
Best Fighting Roosters Breeds
What are the greatest breeds of fighting roosters? is a frequently asked question among sabungeros (cockfighters). Despite the fact that it looks fairly straightforward, this question is very difficult to answer.
Since many external elements, such as food, the environment, vitamins for fighting roosters, training, or preparedness will affect it, it is not just its genetic make-up or lineage that matters.
There is no ideal breed of game birds, according to specialists. However, if there are many roosters from a decent family, one of them can become a great fighting cock with hard effort and dedication.
It should be noted that there may be a sizable number of variants or subfamilies within each line or family of roosters. Since the breeder can cross a bird with a different breed to improve certain traits,
Therefore, if you intend to purchase a certain fighting cock breed, we advise that you first become familiar with all of the traits and characteristics of the most ideal fighting cock breeds.
Select the breed that best fits your needs, but keep in mind that it will only reach its full potential with the proper care and diet.
1. Kelso Fighting Roosters
One of the most well-known and frequently seen breeds of rooster used in cockfighting is the Kelso rooster. They are a species of bird that excels at attacking prey from above and below.
They are roosters who are extremely intelligent and have gained notoriety as one of the best fighting breeds.
They are enormous and extremely gorgeous animals in terms of aesthetics. Since very good results have been attained up until this point, it is the most cherished and desired breed of fighting cocks among many cockfighting aficionados.
Kelso would be one of the top brands in cockfighting, along with Sweater, Lemon, Hatch, and Roundhead. Although different breeders create their own bloodlines, the original characteristics of the Kelso line of fighting cocks always exist.
Kelso is one of the best fighting cock kinds. In this article, we’ll examine Kelso’s development and evolution over time, as well as its traits and, most notably, its combat style.
American breeder Walter A. Kelso, owner of Oleander Gamefarm, created the Kelso variety of American Gamefowl. One of the most well-known and recognizable figures in cockfighting history thanks to the popularity of Kelso’s lineage of fighting roosters.
How did Walter Kelso produce the Kelso fighting roosters, and who is he?
Walter Kelso managed the Oleander game farm in Galveston, Texas, long before the Kelso gamefowl was a commercial success.
All of John Madigin’s breeders were left to Walter and another breeder, Bill Japhet, after his death in 1942. Clarets, Madigin Grays, and Texas Ranger were among Madigin’s best-known creations.
Walter Kelso began breeding Madigin hens with roosters he acquired from other breeders not long after obtaining the purebred materials from Madigin. He kept trying and failing until he got the crosses just right.
Although there were numerous failures due to other crosses producing poor offsprings, it did not take him long to get his desired result.
Following several years of breeding, Kelso finally achieved success in 1951 when his Oleandar team won the derby in Hot Springs, Arkansas, with a score of ten and two. One of the Out-and-Out roosters won a brief tussle before repeating the victory in the pivotal match.
The cock fractured the tip of his wing during his second victory. This rooster developed into a brood cock, and its offspring outnumbered rivals in the Oaklawn Derby 10 to 2.
Up until 1957, Oleander Gamefarm had a winning streak of four straight games before losing four in a row before winning four straight again. After that, Kelso sold all of his game birds save the one with the damaged wing.
According to rumors, the specific bird was purchased by a prominent cocker for $500, which at the time was a significant sum.
How did the Kelso bloodline come to the Philippines?
Since Walter Kelso was busy at the time and stopped competing in cockfights in the late 1950s, it is apparent that he did not bring the gamefowl to the Philippines.
At the time, Bobby Joe Manziel Sr., Johnnie Jumper, and other Filipino visitors to the US who transported Kelso fighting cocks back to the Philippines were important American exporters of gamefowl.
Characteristics and fighting techniques of the Kelso Fighting Roosters
The list of the smartest fighting roosters is headed by Kelso. As ground grapplers, Kelso doesn’t jump to engage opponents in the air but instead has an advantage over them on the ground.
They always sidestep before striking their adversary; this is a move that is unique to most Kelso.
Other particular lineages, such as Johnnie Jumper and Out & out Kelsos, are renowned for using a range of sneaky ground techniques.
Some detractors claim that pure-bred Kelsons lack the capacity to participate in today’s modern sports, however, breeders are constantly adding new bloodlines to the breed, making crosses more dangerous while retaining the original traits and fighting style of the pure-bred Kelsos.
The Philippines’ top Kelso bloodline
According to experts and reviewers, Biboy Enriquez’s Firebird Gamefarm produces the greatest Kelso bloodline in the Philippines. The nickname “The Kelso man of the Philippines” has been given to Enriquez.
Other breeders of the Kelso continue to create their own bloodlines by mating the breed with Hatch, Sweater, Roundhead, and Lemon, and occasionally this yields successful offspring.
To create the White Kelso that is currently in demand, other breeders are also conducting experiments.
Prices for Kelso fighting roosters and breeders range from P7,000 for a single unbanded bird to P55,000 for a trio. On its Facebook page, Firebird has provided a price list.
Even if other breeders may provide more affordable solutions, you should carefully check the quality of their birds.
2. Shamo Fighting Roosters
Japan is where the Shamo breed of chicken first appeared. Although the breed was developed in Japan, Thailand is where its ancestors came from.
The bird was bred primarily for fighting. For the express purpose of combat, the Shamo was initially imported into various areas of the world.
Game chickens are often referred to as shamo chickens. Game chickens are developed expressly for cockfighting with other chickens. There are several other varieties of game chickens in Japan, but the Shamo is the most well-known.
The original Shamo breed was crossed with chickens who were strong and resilient. Breeders kept enhancing the Shamo over time.
For more than a century, this kind of chicken has been selectively cultivated to have the best characteristics. The Shamo breed that we see now is distinct from the original Shamo breed and, in some people’s eyes, stronger.
The Shamo have developed through selective breeding throughout time. The Shamo is bred for its distinctive characteristics as well as for cockfighting. It has a distinctive stance and excellent carcass quality.
The “Shamo fighter” rooster is an extremely robust and aggressive creature, arguably the most “powerful” rooster who always has the upper hand. Medium to large in size, weighing anywhere between 3.5 and 6 kg, depending on the line. Their feathers might be white, red, yellow (turn), or gold in color.
Shamo fighting roosters come in a variety of lines or kinds, but they all typically have dense feathers and are Asian in origin. This breed was created to be an unrivaled combination of fury and bravery in a fighting rooster.
One of the most famous fighting roosters in the world are shamo cocks. These birds are regarded as one of the “best fighting roosters” since the cockerels are aware of their considerable strength and resistance.
3. Hatch Fighting Roosters
One of the most well-known and highly rated American fighting roosters’ lineages is Hatch. This rooster stands out among others due to its strength and speed of attack.
They, therefore, excel in fighting and are not readily worn out, and have more strength when fighting on the ground.
This breed pairs particularly well with the Sweater, Kelso, and Radio breeds. Their distinctive hue is yellow-green on their legs.
One of the most well-known fighting roosters is McLean Hatch, not for its winning record but for its “do or die, no retreat-no surrender” attitude. In essence, Mclean Hatches, out of all the fighting roosters’ breeds, have the biggest balls and would rather die than flee.
According to history, Sanford Hatch created his famous Hatch fowl by crossing a Kearney Whitehackle with a Kearney Brown Red and adding various blood types, including Jim Thompson Mahoganies and Herman Duryea Boston Roundheads.
Ted McLean’s hybridized variety of Hatch, which has both yellow and green legs, was derived from the Sandy Hatch stocks.
These are supposedly the better Hatches that led to the development of the other McLean variations, including the Gilmore Hatch, Blueface Hatch, Jack Walton Hatch, Kentucky Hatch, Oakgrove Hatch, etc.
One of the classic gamefowl breeds that have endured through the ages among broodstock producers is the McLean Hatch, and its offspring, the Blueface Hatch, has developed a following among gamefowl enthusiasts seeking a hardy combatant. In December 1954, Ted McLean gave up competing in gamefowl.
Even if the original McLean Hatches weren’t always successful, many people admired them for their no-holds-barred attitude and suicidal attack strategy.
Although the previous McLean Hatches bloodlines did not always succeed, many people admired them for their no-holds-barred approach and suicidal attack strategy.
Low-headed foolish fighters and relatively bad cutters, McLean Hatch fighting roosters would typically fly into two or three hits before unleashing one of their signature haymakers on the opposition.
They either had tremendous victories or equally incredible losses. A pure Mclean Hatch is currently seen as being at a disadvantage in a fight against modern fighting roosters because they are no longer as dangerous as they once were.
As a base stock or to create fighting roosters with the “straight stuff” Hatch qualities of toughness, gameness, and power hitting, they are valuable today.
Modern hatches are quicker and more high-flying, and many are also smarter than typical. However, they still exhibit their typical traits like force and vigor, and their blows frequently pack a punch.
They are primarily pea combed and medium-stationed, with some coming straight combed.
4. Hatch Twist Roosters
It is a subtype of the rooster Hatch line. The white or yellow feathers on the neck of the twirling hatch serve as a distinguishing feature. It is a specimen that, in addition to being big, fights quickly and fiercely. Always glance down when engaged in fighting (between 60 to 70 cm).
Hatch twists are the “hidden breed,” according to some breeders of American roosters, for developing new strains of fighting roosters with crucial fighting traits since they are typically exceptionally proficient gamefowl.
5. Sweater Fighting Roosters
The Sweater is unquestionably strong and is equated with the king of the gamefowl. It is impossible to discuss cockfighting without bringing up the Sweater.
Sweater, created by Carol Nesmith, has consistently prevailed in the majority of competitive derby matches throughout the years in the fiercest cockpits in the Philippines and Mexico.
Not just in the Philippines but also in South America, particularly in Mexico, Sweater developed into the fighting roosters’ bloodline with the highest winning percentage.
Carol deserves all the credit for the rise of the Sweater even though he did not breed the famous bloodline in the beginning but was a key contributor to its popularity and the person who improved its lineage.
Even the individual who had sold him the stock informed him that the bred was no longer competitive. Carol’s alliance with Rafael “Nene” Abello, one of the top cockfighters in the Philippines, paid off, and the bloodline rose to prominence as the sport’s dominant family.
The Sweater is a lineage that consistently defeats its adversaries, forcing them to either submit or flee. They are renowned for their quick and persistent attacks on the ground and in the air until their opponent is unable to respond.
Sweaters’ early bloodlines were renowned for their lack of stamina, but as they continued to evolve via the introduction of other bloodlines, they became one of the most dangerous bloodlines in modern cockpits and became complete fighting machines.
Sweaters may attack their opponent in a variety of ways because they are fast and high flying. There are more dangerous on the ground.
The Possum Sweater 226 created by Nene Abello in Bacolod City is the most well-known Sweater bloodline and has won numerous World Slasher competitions.
6. Peruvian Fighting Roosters
Peruvian gamefowl is one of the most costly and sought-after birds in today’s cockfighting, and it is growing in popularity in the Philippines.
Although Peruvian gamefowl, as its name implies, is one of the oldest bloodlines, it took decades of development to produce the ideal bloodline that exists today.
A trio of breeders from Peru may cost up to a quarter of a million pesos and be very challenging to find.
One of the most well-known and expensive breeds of fighting cock roosters in the Philippines is the Peruvian bloodline of gamefowl.
It would take a long time to name all the people who contributed to the development of the Peruvian rooster to get it to the level it is at now. This is a tale of panache and bravery.
How the Peruvian Gamefowl Was Developed
A Peruvian named Don Humberto Gregorio Pedraglio Oddone, who was born on November 17, 1899, in Lima, is credited with creating the Peruvian fighting cock.
They are immigrants from Italy. The Peruvian chicken took a long time to perfect, beginning in the late 1930s and continuing into the early 1970s.
The Peruvian gamefowls were not well-known in the US because there are other popular lineages like Sweater, Roughhead, Lemon, and others, but they are quite well-known in Asia, such as the Philippines, where cockfighting is still permitted.
Although they may have originated in the 1900s, Peruvian gamefowl wasn’t fully developed until the early 1970s.
They were created by breeding different Asian game birds with Old English Games and Spanish game birds. Shamos, Malay, and Asil were among the most frequently listed Oriental breeds.
The brown-red variation of Peruvians predominates, but other colors are also present, as with any gamefowl. They can be pea or single combed, like other gamefowls, but most often they are straight combed.
The most frequent weight for these birds is 8 to 10 kilograms, however, their size has little bearing on their ability to fly or move quickly. They might also arrive bare-chested or rumpless.
These birds may be found all over Peru, where they are frequently displayed in lengthy knife bouts almost every week, as cockfighting, there is similar to baseball or football in America.
Typically, a group of five to six breeders works together to raise the game birds, which are housed in 3X3-foot enclosures.
When breeding Peruvians, gameness is prioritized over other traits like speed, power, cut, and aggression, with endurance being the key flaw. Stags need to be separated early because it will take them four to five months to mature.
Many Peruvian breeders keep cocks and hens apart, only putting them in the same pen for breeding and then removing them.
This is done because Peruvian cocks can occasionally be man-fighters, especially if they are not handled. Because of their fierce fighting behavior, Peruvians are frequently crossed with other American gamefowl varieties.
Inbreeding is extremely uncommon in Peru, where people feel that it weakens the birds and that only outbreeding can maintain them robust. Few breeders have access to the Peruvian gamefowl, which was only recently imported to the US.
Although gameness is still one of the main objectives, Peruvian gamefowl is also known as an exhibition fowl there.
7. Asil Fighting Roosters
It is an Indian-born breed of excellent roosters with black and red legs and yellowish plumage. Although it has broad shoulders and a short beak, this specimen’s wings are highly noticeable and stick out.
Small to medium in size, the Asil fighting roosters can weigh between 1.8 and 2.7 kg. He is regarded as a good fighter because of his powerful attack and ability to harm an opponent with nothing but his bare heels.
One of these fighting roosters’ drawbacks is that his attack is slow and requires his opponent to “bite” in order to be thrown at. To give their birds greater endurance and cut, inch cock breeders have combined this family of fighting roosters with other breeds.
The saying “The Asil is the only breed that enhances all the fighting rooster breeds” is well-known in the cockfighting community in reference to this breed.
The pure Asil breed is a gamefowl that behaves very aggressively toward other chickens, whether they are competing hens or cocks, but is friendly toward people.
Your fighting broodstock is appreciated for the bloodline’s ability to restore lost energy and boost its endurance and aggressiveness.
The Indians developed the asil primarily as a fighting bird, and because of their adaptation for endurance fighting, which is common in South Asia, the breed has become one of the strongest with good structure, constitution, and temperament.
Its development for endurance fighting has also influenced its role in breeding with more contemporary breeds to improve traits. They are also renowned for their tactical and defensive acumen, which allows them to maintain strength throughout a protracted battle.
Asil roosters have a distinctive appearance due to their physical traits. They all have pea combs, like all roosters, but Asils have big necks and tiny wattles.
They have broad, prominent shoulders and hips, as well as large, muscular thighs that are supported by strong legs. Asils are sturdy, medium-sized birds. Asils grow to a maximum weight of 6 pounds, while some roosters can reach 15 pounds.
As implied by the names of their varieties, asil roosters come in a range of hues, including wheaten, white, dark, black-breasted red, and spangled.
Cockfighting is mentioned in ancient Indian writings as a common pastime of the time, and Asils were the preferred roosters for the sport.
It’s easy to understand why given their aggressive, confrontational demeanor. Asil roosters must always be kept apart in pens to prevent fighting and bloodshed.
8. Roundhead Fighting Roosters
From urban to rural sitios, every cockfighter in the Philippines is familiar with roundhead gamefowl. The only thing one should know about the origins of his gamefowl is that his fighting cocks are Roundheads, one of the most popular fighting cock breeds in the country.
Given how many roundhead breeders there are in the nation, the bloodline is crucial. Cockfighters with experience can distinguish between real and imitation roundheads.
A pea comb distinguishes the purebred and original roundhead, albeit not all roosters with pea combs are roundheads.
Although there are numerous breeders of roundheads in the Philippines, it is always advised to only purchase from reputable and well-known game farms.
9. Radio Fighting Roosters
The Fighting Rooster Radio is well known among the roosters of Mexico and the United States for being a superb fighting rooster. They are roosters with square heads and a serrated crest, which is one of the traits that set this breed apart.
They are aggressive roosters with big and robust loins who are also very happy. Its feathers are reddish with black accents, and its legs are a medium yellow tint.
They can be characterized as tenacious roosters who are intelligent in battle, constantly on the lookout for their foe, with fast assaults that work both on the ground and in flight.
10. Spanish Fighting Roosters
Spanish Gamefowl, also known as the fighter of Spain, is one of the best fighting birds in Europe and has gained popularity since the breed’s creation.
They are little to medium-sized and can’t be with another rooster since they battle over dominance and maintain their area. Its graceful posture and excellent physical qualities combine to make it a visually pleasing rooster.
Spanish fighting roosters come in a wide range of colors, from white to pale and speckled.
It is a beast that, when engaged in conflict, always seeks a fight and never flees from the fray; it advances with its legs extended, always with courage and bravery, searching for the upper part of the adversary.
There are many more fighting cock breeds, but these are some of the greatest.