In the article, we will briefly look at the ingredients and the formula guiding the formulation of the broiler starter mash, grower mash, finisher mash, and the post-finisher mash:-
How to Make Broiler Starter Mash
The broiler starter mash is formulated for the farmers who raise for the live markets and sell them at six to eight weeks. The broiler rations must generally include a growth promoter and a coccidiostat. However, these are excluded from the post-finisher broiler mash.
The broiler starter mash should not include any growth hormones or animal by-products in the formulation.
The broiler rations generally contain a higher level of protein and a lower level of fiber than the other rations. This ration is designed to allow the birds to gain more weight quickly. In addition to that, it has a lower fiber content than the other rations.
The broiler ration will help them to achieve a better overall body condition score (BCS). They will also grow faster.
The broiler ration will help them to achieve a higher feed conversion ratio (FCR) which means that they will convert their feed into more weight gain. A higher FCR means that they are able to gain weight at a faster rate. The broiler ration contains a higher protein level compared to the other rations.
The broilers should be fed the starter mash from the time they are one day old to 16 days old. The approximate feed consumption for the broilers will vary between 600g to 800g per bird.
The broiler starter mash is generally in the format of mash or crumbles. It would be best to feed the chickens crumbles to ensure faster growth and more efficient feed conversion.
However, if you want to slow down the growth and minimize the water belly occurrences, you can feed the poultry mash.
The table below shows the ingredients used in broiler starter mash formulation and the ration in which these ingredients should be mixed:
How to Make Broiler Grower Mash
The broiler growers mash is in pellet form. The broiler grower mash is fed to the chickens from the age of 17 days to 30 days. Like in the broiler starter mash, the broiler grower mash’s rations contain a growth promoter and coccidiostat but no growth hormones or animal byproducts.
The feed consumption per bird will approximately be 1.5kg.
The feed composition of the broiler grower mash is the same as that of the broiler starter mash, except for the inclusion of a feed additive called a growth promoter.
This additive stimulates the growth of the chicks and the rate at which they gain weight. It also helps the chicks to absorb nutrients, especially protein, more effectively.
Below is a table showing the nutrient content for a broiler grower mash formulation:-
How to Make Broiler Finisher Mash
The broiler finisher mash is fed to the chickens from 30 days to the age of 38 days. Every bird will consume approximately 1kg of broiler finisher mash from 30 days to the age of 38 days. The broiler finisher mash is in the form of pellets.
The Broiler Post Finisher Mash
The broiler post finisher mash is fed to the broilers five days before slaughter. This diet is richer in protein content.
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- James R. Gillespie; Frank B. Flanders (2010). Modern Livestock and Poultry Production. Cengage Learning. p. 693. ISBN 978-1-4283-1808-3. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
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